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1 edition of Fusion of ground-based sensors for optimal tracking of military targets found in the catalog.

Fusion of ground-based sensors for optimal tracking of military targets

John A. Hucks

Fusion of ground-based sensors for optimal tracking of military targets

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Published by Naval Postgraduate School, Available from the National Technical Information Service in Monterey, Calif, Springfield, Va .
Written in English


About the Edition

Extended Kalman filtering is applied as an extension of the Position Location Reporting System (PLRS) to track a moving target in the XY plane. The application uses four sets of observables which correspond to inputs from a fused-sensor array where the sensors employed are acoustic, seismic, or radar. The nonlinearities to the Kalman filter occur through the measured observables which are: bearings to the target only, ranges to the target only, bearings and ranges to the target, and a Doppler-shifted frequency accompanied by the bearing to that frequency. The observables are nonlinear in their relationships to the Cartesian coordinate states of the filter. Filter error covariances are portrayed as error ellipsoids about the laser target estimate made by the filter. Rotation of the ellipsoids is accomplished to avoid the cross correlation of the coordinates. The ellipsoids employed are one standard of deviation in the rotated coordinate system and correspond to a constant of probability of target location about the latest Kalman target estimate. Filtering techniques are evaluated for both stationary and moving observers with arbitrarily moving targets. The objective of creating a user-friendly, personal computer based tracking algorithm is also discussed.

Edition Notes

Statement John A. Hucks, II
The Physical Object
Pagination83 p. :
Number of Pages83
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25499506M

The military uses could be several that include chemical and biological sensors that include integration with photonics integrated circuits or second harmonic generation for UV lasers from – nm, and the uses of UV lasers in a compact form factor are numerous from sensing to water purification to various forms of optical communications. The budget submission represents an inflection point for missile defense programs, the relationship between active defenses and other forms of missile defeat, and the institutional makeup of the missile defense enterprise.; This is the first Trump administration budget submission to make major programmatic changes to missile defense, but these changes carry uncertainty about the future. This book provides a comprehensive introduction to modern electronic warfare (EW) in an era of information warfare (IW). It explores the capabilities of coherent radar and digital signal processing to rapidly and accurately classify targets. Both naval and air electronic EW are covered in this resource. Currently, the Army uses visual observers, on the ground or in a chase plane, to provide the necessary "see-and-avoid" function required by federal regulation (14 CFR ). The Army-developed Ground-Based Sense-and-Avoid, or GBSAA, will initially support UAS transiting from airfields to restricted areas where training and testing can occur.


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Fusion of ground-based sensors for optimal tracking of military targets by John A. Hucks Download PDF EPUB FB2

In the authors' previous work Oron, Kumar, and Bar-Shalom (), they presented a method for precision tracking of a low observable target based on data obtained from imaging sensors. Yang, C., et al. Optimal placement of heterogeneous sensors in target tracking. Proceedings of the 14th International Conference on Information Fusion (FUSION), Chicago, IL, July, pp.

U.S. Army Looks to New Ground-Based Sensors to Track Both UAS and Personnel Targets. By Scott R. Gourley - Ma The Army is looking for an EO/IR sensor that can track and target personnel and small UAS targets.

“Detection and tracking of other relevant military targets, such as ground vehicles, are also of interest to the. Future combat systems UGS. There are two types of unattended ground sensors that are being fielded under the United States Army's Future Combat Systems Program, the Urban UGS or U-UGS and the Tactical UGS or T-UGS.

The current generation is manufactured by Textron Defense Systems a subcontractor under Boeing. Tactical unattended ground sensor. T-UGS are small ground-based Place of origin: United States. Sensors, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Dear Colleagues, There have been active developments and growth in Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) platforms, sensors, and image processing which have resulted in an increasing uptake of this technology in aerial robotics as well as the environmental and remote sensing science community.

SMDC History: Ground-based radars improve through new sensors. By Sharon Watkins Lang, USASMDC/ARSTRAT Historical Office J Share on Twitter; Share on Facebook. An unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) (or uncrewed aerial vehicle, commonly known as a drone) is an aircraft without a human pilot on board and a type of unmanned are a component of an unmanned aircraft system (UAS); which include a UAV, a ground-based controller, and a system of communications between the flight of UAVs may operate with various degrees of autonomy:.

Today's Precision Guided Munitions (PGMs) employ a variety of guidance approaches. Many such weapons have sensors to home in on targets illuminated bylaser designators, often aimed by Special Operations Command (SOCOM) personnel on the ground or from targeting pods on aircraft.

Ground-Based Sense and Avoid Radar System SRC’s solution to ground-based sense and avoid (GBSAA) is an integrated, flexible and scalable approach that enables UAS flights in domestic airspace.

SRC’s GBSAA radar system allows for the operation of UAS (also referred to as drones, UAVs, RPA, etc.) in the National Airspace System without a. Sensors, an international, peer-reviewed Open Access journal. Dear Colleagues, The rapid development and growth of UAVs as a remote sensing platform as well as advances in the miniaturization of instrumentation and data systems are catalyzing a renaissance in remote sensing in a variety of fields and disciplines from precision agriculture to ecology, atmospheric research, and disaster response.

U.S. Army researchers are taking the extended view as they plan near- and long-term intelligence and surveillance systems. New sensor suites are being designed to serve future requirements involving advanced data fusion and new approaches to situational awareness. Abstract - Multi-sensor data fusion (MSDF) systems use various types of sensors to combine data, obtaining a comprehensive picture of the situation.

MSDF may also be programmed to make inferences using given information to create new data. The goal behind this technology is to increase the effectiveness of military objectives by giving a more complete, integrated view of situations to enable a. Typical sensors are radars (ground-based, air-borne, ship-borne or space-based), infrared or TV cameras, seismic, acoustical, radioactive sensors.

Usually in this kind of networks, as represented in Figurethe information traffic goes from the sensor nodes to a single sink node called information fusion center that performs the target Cited by: 3. SPIE Digital Library Proceedings. Proc. SPIEUnattended Ground, Sea, and Air Sensor Technologies and Applications VIII, (2 May ); doi: / PE C / Ballistic Missile Defense System Space Programs Defense System.

If deemed successful by the warfighter, this experiment has the potential to change the economics of the defense of. Suggested Citation:"4 Hard Problems and Promising Approaches."National Research Council. Priorities for GEOINT Research at the National Geospatial-Intelligence gton, DC: The National Academies Press.

doi: /   The US Army has begun to install a ground-based sense and avoid radar at five installations to keep UAVs from crashing into other flying objects. The radar, built by SRC, is planned for five sites to allow the General Atomics-built MQ-1C Gray Eagle fly safely in domestic airspace, said Col.

Courtney Cote, project manager for Unmanned Aircraft. Tracking and Sensor Data Fusion: Methodological Framework and Selected Applications Wolfgang Koch (auth.) Sensor Data Fusion is the process of combining incomplete and imperfect pieces of mutually complementary sensor information in such a way that a better understanding of an underlying real-world phenomenon is achieved.

An Introduction to Multisensor Data Fusion DAVID L. HALL, SENIOR MEMBER, IEEE, AND JAMES LLINAS Invited Paper Multisensor data fusion is an emerging technology applied to Department of Defense (DoD) areas such as automated target recognition, battlefield surveillance, and guidance and control of autonomous vehicles, and to non-DoD applications such as monitoring of complex.

This article presents a method of Fuzzy Logic Based Sensor Data Fusion for target-tracking applications, where the tracking is done by fusing the measurements from two independent sensors; the data from each sensor are processed by a respective Kalman Filter to estimate the states of target, the filters used were the extended Kalman.

Information fusion resulting from multi-source processing, often called multisensor data fusion when sensors are the main sources of information, is a relatively young (less than 20 years) technology domain.

It provides techniques and methods for: In. For example, today the cost per element (i.e., total antenna structure cost divided by the number of T/R modules) of an X- band T/R module similar to what is used in the Army's ground-based radar is between $1, and $2, and so the total cost of such a phased-array antenna (˜20, elements) will be millions of dollars.

The book then employs principal component analysis, spatial frequency, and wavelet-based image fusion algorithms for the fusion of image data from sensors.

It also presents procedures for combing tracks obtained from imaging sensor and ground-based radar. The Army-developed Ground-Based Sense-and-Avoid, or GBSAA, will initially support UAS transiting from airfields to restricted areas where training and testing can radar system consists.

The detection and tracking of moving objects (DATMO) in an outdoor environment from a mobile robot are difficult tasks because of the wide variety of dynamic objects. A reliable discrimination of mobile and static detections without any prior knowledge is often conditioned by a good position estimation obtained using Global Positionning System/Differential Global Positioning System Cited by: 7.

It has been shown that the optimal fusion rule for N sensors is a likelihood ratio test on the data received from the sensors. Reibman and Nolte and Hoballah and Varshney have generalized the results to N sensors with optimal fusion, again with the restriction of one bit sensor outputs; this has been relaxed later to multi-bit quantizations.

Sensors: In a typical battlefield environment several sensor platforms are deployed (e.g., track vehicles, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), ground-based radar) each with a variety of sophisticated sensors and weapons. A sensor platform can use both active sensors or passive sensors.

Active sensors (e.g., radar) are typically linked with the. The TCG Advantage: Creates virtual, real-world training on multi-TDL networks from the ground to prepare military air operations/flight squadrons for combat Automates Link 16 network entry Up-to-date implementation of L Link 11 and SADL Integrate live assets into training scenarios in real-time Dual screen displays of tactical and cockpit.

A radar-based system tested at Dugway will soon allow military operators of unmanned aerial vehicles to fly within the National Airspace System to help maintain their skills.

The Ground Based Sense And Avoid is the first and only system that meets federal requirements that aircraft operators see and avoid other aircraft, according to John Innes.

CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Papers Presentations Journals. Advanced Photonics Journal of Applied Remote Sensing. Baumbach, in Advances in Military Textiles and Personal Equipment, Imaging devices.

In general, the visible spectrum comes to mind, where a human is observing his environment either with the naked eye or via optical and electro-optical aids like binoculars, night vision goggles (NVG) or forward-looking infrared (FLIR) cameras. These systems capture the electromagnetic radiation.

BAE SYSTEMS TO PROVIDE FRIEND-OR-FOE SENSORS TO U.S. ARMED FORCES. 05 May | Ref. / GREENLAWN, New York — BAE Systems received a $13 million contract modification from the Naval Air.

Among various sensors such as ground-based radars, a space-based visible (SBV) sensor has been considered as an important sensing technology to achieve the stringent goals of space surveillance. Passive – Designed to protect indirectly; physical protections around target, decoys, shields, organized roadblocks, nets, jamming of sensors of the aggressor, GPS total or partial cyber-Spoof of signals.

Passive countermeasures have some positive outcomes. Decoys can be effective if the ADS knows what the sensors employed for sUAS Kamikaze attack and how they are used in the SAA : R.

Nichols, J.J.C.H. Ryan, H.C. Mumm, W.D. Lonstein, C. Carter, J.P. Hood. Full text of "Handbook Of Multisensor Data Fusion" See other formats.

the enemy. Currently, ground‑based passive radars are entering the maturity stage and in the near future will be deployed in the field to protect our borders. Since these systems can be light, compact, and have low power consumption, they can be deployed in many scenarios and installed on the ground and in vehicles, aircraft.

and ships. SPIE Digital Library Proceedings. Proc. SPIEInfrared Imaging Systems: Design, Analysis, Modeling, and Testing XXI, (22 April ); doi: / Simulation-based optimal filter for maneuvering target tracking Author(s): Arnaud Doucet ; Neil J.

Gordon Show Abstract. The US military doesn't use GPS for military navigation, they use it for precisely measuring the Earth. This happens almost entirely in peacetime, so no threat to the satellites. US military navigation and guidance systems rely on INS, which is neither jammable nor spoofable, based on the GPS measurements collected in peacetime.

A nation-wide reference station network has been built, and the construction of the basic system has been preliminarily completed. Inthe system performance was being tested, including meter and decimeter level for widearea real-time services, centimeter level for the.

72 books about Radar. Dewey Decimal Within the wide and fascinating field of radar techniques and systems, this book describes in detail a number of areas of research related to system architecture and design, phenomenology, array antennas and signal processing.

New and recently declassified military applications are.Dr. Erik Blasch. Fusion Research Engineer at AFOSR. SPIE Involvement: Information fusion, Sensors, Satellite communications, Meteorological satellites, Systems modeling, Satellite navigation systems, Control systems, Environmental sensing Electro optical sensors, Filtering (signal processing), Radar, Sensors, Detection and tracking.DUGWAY PROVING GROUND, Utah.

The U.S Army completed a test on its Ground Based Sense and Avoid (GBSAA); a radar-based system that will allow unmanned aerial systems (UAS) to fly within the National Airspace System and meets Federal requirements. The .